2013年职称英语考试综合B真题及答案

发布时间:2013-3-31浏览:

核心提示:2013年职称英语考试综合B真题及答案 (试卷代码:23)

词汇:(理工B/卫生B可参考)

1、  bust-break(Come out, or I’ll bust the door down.)

2、  wary—cautious(The police will need to keep a wary eye on this area of town.)

3、  rigid—inflexible(The rules are too rigid to allow for human error.)

4、  incredible—unbelievable(It seemed incredible that he had been there a week already.)

5、  migrate—travel(These animals migrate south annually in search of food.)

6、  circulate—spread(Rumers began to circulate about his financial problems.)

7、  came across—found by chance(She came across three children sleeping under a bridge.)

8、  as regards—about(I have little information as regards her fitness for the post.)

9、  manipulate—influence(As a politician, he knows how to manipulate public opinion.)

10、 tempted—attracted(He was tempted by the high salary offered by the company.)

11、digest—understand(He paused, waiting for her to digest the information.)

12、 anchored—fixed(Make sure the table is securely anchored.)

13、aggressive—offensive(She gets aggressive when she is drunk.)

14、 peculiar—strange(There was something peculiar in the way he smiles.)

15、 expire—end(The contract between the two companies will expire soon.)

 

阅读判断(综合C考生可参考)

Kicking the habit

1、  Boys usually develop bad habits when they are very young.——not mentioned

2、  We can only break bad habits if others tell us to do so.——wrong

3、  Bad habits may resume when we are under pressure. ——right

4、  Researchers were surprised by the answers that the volunteers gave in the first test. ——wrong

5、  The volunteers found the test more difficult when they did it the second time. ——not mentioned

6、  The study suggests that it is more difficult to respond to what we learn first. ——wrong

7、  If we develop bad habits early in life, they are harder to get rid of. ——right

 

概括大意与完成句子(缺)

Traffic James—No End in Sight

 

阅读理解

第一篇    Operation Migration(综合C考生可参考)

1、  Whooping cranes migrate in winter to

A.     raise baby whooping cranes.

B.      get human help.

C.      find warmth and food.(正确答案)

D.     lay eggs.

2、  Whooping cranes are native to

A.     Maxico.

B.      South America.

C.      The Persian Gulf.

D.     North America.(正确答案)

3、  Operation Migration aims to

A.     lead young cranes on their first trip south.(正确答案)

B.      teach adult cranes how to fly.

C.      Breed cranes in special parks.

D.     Transport cranes to the North.

(文章倒数第三段第一个句子,首次出现Operation Migration这个专有名词)

4、  The distance covered by the young whooping cranes on their trips south is

A.     1,200 miles.(正确答案)

B.      120miles.

C.      1,931 miles.

D.     2,000 miles.

(1931 kilometers,文章倒数三段中直接给出了答案,有个选项为1931 miles,是错误选项,数字正确,单位错误。)

5、  If Operation Migration is successful, whooping cranes will

A.     follow airplanes south every year.

B.      learn to migrate on their own.

C.      live in Canada all year round.

D.     be unable to fly back.

 

第二篇    On the trail of the honey badger(理工A/B考生可参考)

On a recent field trip to the Kalahari Desert, a team of researchers learn a lot more about honey badgers. The team employed a local wildlife expert Kitso Khama to help them locate and follow the badgers across the desert. Their main aim was to study the badgers’ movements and behavior as discreetly(谨慎地) as possible without frightening them away or causing them to change their natural behavior. They also planned to trap a few and study them close up before releasing them in view of the animal’s reputation, this was something that even Khama was reluctant to do.

“The problem with honey badgers is they are naturally curious animals, especially when they see something new,” he says. “That, combined with their unpredictable nature, can be a dangerous mixture. If they sense you have food, for example, they won’t be shy about coming right up to you for something to eat. They’re actually quite sociable creatures around humans, but as soon as they feel they might be in danger, they can become extremely vicious(凶恶的). Fortunately this is rare, but it does happen.”

The research confirmed many things that were already known. As expected, honey badgers ate any creatures they could catch and kill. Even poisonous snakes, feared and avoided by most other animals, were not safe from them. The researchers were surprised, however, by the animal’s fondness for local melons, probably because of their high water content. Preciously researchers thought that the animal got all of its liquid requirements from its prey(猎物). The team also learnt that, contrary to previous research findings, the badgers occasionally formed loose family groups. They were also able to confirm certain results from previous research, including the fact that female badgers never socialized with each other.

Following some of the male badgers was a challenge, since they can cover large distances in a short space of time. Some hunting territories cover more than 500 square kilometers. Although they seem happy to share these territories with other males, ther are occasional fights over an important food source, and male badgers can be as aggressive towards each other as they are towards other species.

As the badgers became accustomed to the presence of people, it gave the team the     to get up close to them without being the subject of the animal’s curiosity—or    sudden aggression. The badgers’ eating patterns, which had been disrupted,   to normal. It also allowed the team to observe more closely some of the other creatures that form working associations with the honey badger, as these seemed to     badgers’ relaxed attitude when near humans.

 

1、  Why did the wildlife experts visit the Kalahari Desert?(卡拉哈里沙漠)

A.     To find where honey badgers live.

B.      To observe how honey badgers behave.(正确答案)

C.      To catch some honey badgers for food.

D.     To find out why honey badgers have a bad reputation.

2、  What does Kitso Khama (当地的野生动物专家)say about the honey badgers?

A.     They show interest in things they are not familiar with. (正确答案)

B.      They are always looking for food.

C.      They do not enjoy human company.

D.     It is common for them to attack people.

3、  What did the team find out about honey badgers?

A.     There were some creatures they did not eat.

B.      They were afraid of poisonous creatures.

C.      They may get some of water they needed from fruits. (正确答案)

D.     Female badgers did not mix with male badgers.

以前的研究认为动物一般从猎物身上获取水份,但是honey badger吃一种当地的甜瓜,很有可能就是为了获取水果当中的水份。

4、  Which of the following is a typical feature of male badgers?

A.     They don’t run very quickly.

B.      They hunt over a very large area. (正确答案)

C.      They defend their territory from other badgers.

D.     They are more aggressive than females.

5、  What happened when the honey badgers got used to humans around them?

A.     They became less aggressive towards other creatures. (正确答案)

B.      They started eating more.

C.      Other animals started working with them.

D.     They lost interest in people.

 

第三篇   “Lucky” Lord Lucan—Alive or Dead(教材第三十篇)

1、  British public are still interested in the murder case because(教材第一题略微改动)

—the murderer has not been caught

2、  It is suspected that Lucan killed the nanny because(教材第二题)

—she was mistaken for his wife

3、  Aspinall thought Lucan killed himself(教材第三题)

—by sinking his boat

4、  According to the version in Paragraph 4, Lucan(教材第四题有提到Lucan可能已经被杀了)

—has escaped but was killed later

5、  The word “assumed” in Paragraph 5 means

—took on(通过翻查字典能找到答案)

 

补全短文(理工B/卫生B考生可参考)

The tough grass that sweetens our lives

Sugar cane was once a wild grass that grew in New Guinea and was used by local people for roofing their houses and fencing their gardens. Gradually a different variety evolved which contained sucrose (蔗糖) and was chewed on for its sweet taste. Over time, sugar cane became a highly valuable commercial plant, grown throughout the world. (1)

Sugar became a vital ingredient in all kinds of things, from confectionery(糖果点心) to medicine, and, as the demand for sugar grew, the industry became larger de more profitable. (2) Many crops withered(枯萎) and died, despite growers attempts to save them and there were fears that the health of the plant would continues to deteriorate.

In the 1960s, scientists working in Barbados looked for ways to make the commercial species stronger and more able to resist disease. They experimented with breeding programmes, mixing genes from the wild species of sugar cane, which tends to be tougher, with genes from the more delicate, commercial type. (3) This sugar cane is not yet ready to be sold commercially, but when this happens, it is expected to be incredibly profitable for the industry.

(4) Brazil, which produces one quarter of the world’s sugar, has coordinated an international project under Professor Paulo Arrudo of the Universidade Estaudual de Campinas in Sao Paulo. Teams of experts have worked with him to discover more about which parts of the genetic structure of the plant are important for the production of sugar and its overall health.

Despite all the research, however, we still do not fully understand how the genes    in sugar cane. (5) This gene is particularly exciting because it makes the plant resistant to rust, a disease which probably originated in India, but is now capable of infecting sugar cane across the world. Scientist believe they will eventually be able to grow a plant which cannot be destroyed by rust.

 

1、  The majority of the world’s sugar now comes from this particular commercial species.

2、  Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease.

3、  Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease.

4、  Since the 1960s, scientists have been analyzing the mysteries of the sugar cane’s genetic code.

5、  One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D’Hont and her team in Montpelier, France.

 

完形填空

Teaching and learning (教材上第六篇)

Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. If a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the   1(information)   in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The   2(ideal)  student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of   3(learning)  , not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned   4(with)   brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is   5(responsible for learning the material assigned. When research is   6(assigned, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with   7(minimum)  guidance. It is the student’s responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain  8(how)    a university library works; they expect students   9(particularly)  graduate students to exhaust the reference   10(sources)    in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but   11(prefer)    that their students should not be  12(too)  dependent on them.  In the United States professors have many other duties 13(besides)  teaching, such  as  administrative  or research work.  Therefore, the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is 14(limited)  . If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either 15(approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment.

 


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