ruby 格式化当前日期时间

发布时间:2011-8-5浏览:

核心提示:ruby 格式化当前日期时间

ruby 用Time类获取当前时间。

t = Time.new

puts t

可以看到输出的是(我现在运行的时间):

Sat Jan 29 10:45:22 +0800 2011

 

一般我们拿来用,都不会直接用这样“复杂”的时间格式。

下面通过Time的strftime方法来格式化处理,得到想到的日期格式。

1.比如你想获取 “2011-01-29” 这样的日期格式

t = Time.new
date = t.strftime("%Y-%m-%d")
puts date    #2011-01-29

 

2.比如你想获取“2011年01月29日 星期六 10:50 AM” 这样的格式

dayOfWeek = [ "星期日", "星期一", "星期二", "星期三", "星期四", "星期五", "星期六" ]
t = Time.new
puts t
date = t.strftime("%Y年%m月%d日 ") << dayOfWeek[t.strftime("%w").to_i] << t.strftime(" %H:%M %p")
puts date    #2011年01月29日 星期六 10:50 AM

 

参数:

%a - The abbreviated weekday name (``Sun')
%A - The full weekday name (``Sunday')
%b - The abbreviated month name (``Jan')
%B - The full month name (``January')
%c - The preferred local date and time representation
%d - Day of the month (01..31)
%H - Hour of the day, 24-hour clock (00..23)
%I - Hour of the day, 12-hour clock (01..12)
%j - Day of the year (001..366)
%m - Month of the year (01..12)
%M - Minute of the hour (00..59)
%p - Meridian indicator (``AM' or ``PM')
%S - Second of the minute (00..60)
%U - Week number of the current year, starting with the first Sunday as the first day of the first week (00..53)
%W - Week number of the current year, starting with the first Monday as the first day of the first week (00..53)
%w - Day of the week (Sunday is 0, 0..6)
%x - Preferred representation for the date alone, no time
%X - Preferred representation for the time alone, no date
%y - Year without a century (00..99)
%Y - Year with century
%Z - Time zone name
%% - Literal ``%' character


 


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